Camera lens filters are an essential photography accessory that helps control the light entering your camera and give your photos a unique look. Each of the different filters has its purpose; in this post, we will discuss the purpose of each filter and when to use them.
What is a lens filter?
A camera lens filter is a small piece of glass or plastic attached to a camera lens. Lens filters serve various purposes, from protecting the lens from dirt and scratches to reducing glare and enhancing colors. The most common types of camera lens filters are UV filters, ND filters, and polarizing filters. UV filters block ultraviolet light, ND filters reduce the amount of light that enters the camera, and polarizing filters remove glare and increase color saturation. Each type of filter serves a different purpose, and many photographers use multiple types of filters to get the best results.
Camera Lens Filter Mounts
Screw-On or Circular Filters
A circular camera filter is a type of filter that attaches to the front of a camera lens. Circular filters are relatively inexpensive and easy to find, don’t require special equipment to mount, and protect the lens. However, circular filters can be challenging to keep clean and might cause vignetting at the edges of the image. Additionally, you will need multiples of the same filters for each lens or use an adapter.
Square filters are mounted on the lens using a dedicated holder that allows for quick swapping of filters or stacking filters, which can be helpful when trying to capture different effects. Square filters cause less vignetting than circular filters, fit multiple lenses, and you can stack filters to enhance the effect of the filters. However, they are also more cumbersome and take up more space.
7 Types of Camera Lens Filters
UV Protection Lens Filter
A UV filter is a type of filter that reduces ultraviolet (UV) light from an image. UV light is undetectable to the human eye, but it can cause problems in photography. For example, UV light can cause haze and glare and wash out colors. A UV filter helps to reduce these problems, resulting in sharper, more vibrant photos.
When to use a UV Filter
Many photographers choose to keep a UV filter on their lenses at all times, as it offers a simple way to improve the quality of their photos and protect the lens from scratches and other damage. In addition, a UV filter can help reduce glare and increase contrast if you’re shooting in bright sunlight.
Neutral Density Filter
A Neutral Density (ND) filter is a type of filter that blocks out a certain amount of light from reaching the sensor. ND filters prevent overexposure by blocking some of the light before it reaches the sensor when using a wide aperture or long shutter speed in bright sunlight. ND filters come in different densities, which block out different amounts of light. The higher the number, the more light the filter will block.
When to Use an ND Filter
If you want to blur moving objects, such as cars or people walking, using an ND filter will allow you to use a longer exposure time without overexposing the image. This can also allow you to create interesting effects with water, such as silky-smooth waterfalls or oceans. ND filters are helpful in various situations, even if it’s just a bright day and you aren’t trying to create special effects.
A polarizing filter is a camera lens attachment that can reduce glare and reflections and increase the contrast and saturation of colors. It works by polarizing the light that hits it, meaning that the light waves vibrate in only one plane. This allows less reflection, resulting in a clearer image. Polarizing filters are helpful when shooting outdoors to reduce glare from the sun or water. They also improve contrast and saturation, making colors appear more vibrant.
When To Use A Polarizer Lens Filter
When photographing water or other reflective surfaces, a polarizing filter can help minimize glare and maximize the clarity of the image. When photographing landscapes, a polarizing filter can help to bring out the colors and increase the contrast between different elements in the scene. Polarizing filters can be helpful anytime you want to reduce reflections or enhance colors in your photos.
color enhancement filters
A color enhancement filter is a type of filter that improves or changes the color of a photograph. These filters selectively absorb different light colors, enhancing specific colors while subduing others. As a result, color enhancement filters can correct color balance issues or add color saturation for creative effects. When used correctly, color enhancement filters can help to create stunning images with rich, vibrant colors.
When to use color enhancement filters
A common use of color enhancement filters is in sunrise and sunset photography. The warm color of the sun can be difficult to capture accurately, but color enhancement filters help bring out those oranges and reds. They are also valuable for black and white photography because color enhancement filters can help to create more contrast between colors that looks similar in black and white.
Finally, color enhancement filters impact an image’s mood or atmosphere. For instance, if you want to create a feeling of warmth, you might use a color enhancement filter that adds a slight orange tint to the image. Or, if you’re going to create a feeling of mystery, you might use a color enhancement filter that adds a slight blue tint to the image. Ultimately, color enhancement filters are a tool that can help create images with a specific look or feel.
A star filter is a camera lens attachment that helps to create the illusion of starry streaks in the photograph. The filter diffracts light as it passes through the lens, creating a star-like effect. Star filters are available in a variety of sizes and shapes. For example, a smaller star filter will create more subtle starburst effects, while a larger star filter will produce more dramatic results.
When to use star filters
Star filters are common for nighttime or low-light photography, as the star shapes can add a whimsical touch to an otherwise ordinary photo. Star filters can be used for creative effects in daytime photography, especially when capturing images of cityscapes or landscapes with prominent light sources. They are also helpful in landscape photography to add a touch of pizzazz to sunsets and other bright scenes. Whether you use them for artistic or practical purposes, star filters can help add extra interest to any photograph.
A diffusion filter scatters light uniformly, causing it to enter the lens more evenly, resulting in a softer overall image with less contrast. Diffusion filters vary from mild (which produces a subtle effect) to hard (which can cause the image to appear fuzzy or out of focus). Most diffusion filters are made of translucent material such as nylon or mesh, although some manufacturers offer solid-state diffusion filters that can be attached directly to the lens.
When to Use Diffusion filter
Diffusion filters are often used in portrait photography to soften harsh facial features and reduce the appearance of wrinkles or blemishes. They can also create a dreamy, ethereal look by reducing the overall contrast of the image. Use diffusion filters sparingly, as they can hurt image quality if overdone. When using a diffusion filter, monitor the overall effect and adjust as needed.
A graduated filter has a clear and darker side, with a gradual transition between them. The graduated filter darkens skies or bright areas in a scene while leaving the rest of the image untouched. This can help to create a more balanced exposure and improve the overall look of the photograph. Graduated filters come in various sizes and densities, depending on the desired effect. When using a graduated filter, keep the line of demarcation between the dark and light areas aligned with the horizon; otherwise, the image will look unnatural.
When to use a graduated filter
Landscape photographers use graduated filters to balance the exposure of the bright sky and the rest of the scene.
Overall, camera lens filters can help improve your photography. They give you more control over the amount of light entering your camera and can give your photos a unique look. There are a variety of different filters available, and each one has its own purpose. Understanding when and how to use different types of filters can help you take your photography to the next level.