Popular Types Of Nature Photography

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Popular Types Of Nature Photography

This blog post may contain affiliate links.  I may earn a small commission for any purchases made through these links. Click here for the disclosure statement.

All photos are original to the author unless otherwise noted. 

Shofu-En Japanese Garden

Nature photography has always been popular among those with an eye for beauty. It captures the serenity and tranquility of nature and preserves the wonders the world has to offer. From majestic landscapes to fascinating wildlife, nature photography has a way of captivating us and evoking emotions that we never knew existed. Whether you are an avid hiker, bird watcher, or just someone who appreciates the splendor of nature, picking up a camera and capturing its beauty can be incredibly rewarding. In this blog post, we will delve deeper into the world of nature photography and explore tips and tricks to help you capture stunning and memorable images of the great outdoors.

Landscape Photography

Scenic View At Palo Duro Canyon
Morning fog in the Great Smoky Mountains

Landscape photography captures diverse natural environments, including aerial shots, shorelines, mountains, deserts, forests, and other wilderness areas. Its distinction from other forms of nature photography lies in its focus on showcasing the entirety of a scene, highlighting the terrain’s changes and stunning panoramas, rather than zooming into specific details.

Quick Tips for Landscape Photography

  1. Invest in a good camera and landscape lenses: A DSLR camera with a wide-angle lens is ideal for landscape photography. A tripod is also an essential accessory.
  2. Shoot during the golden hour: While I don’t believe in only shooting during the golden hour, the early morning and late evening light provides the most uncomplicated conditions for beginners to capture great landscape images. The colors are warmer, and the shadows add depth to the pictures.
  3. Find the focal point: Identify a focal point, such as a mountain peak or a tree, and work around it to create a visually appealing composition.
  4. Use the rule of thirds: Divide the image into thirds, both horizontally and vertically. Place the focal point where the lines intersect to create balance and harmony.
  5. Experiment with exposure settings: Use a low ISO and narrow aperture (high f-stop) to achieve a sharp image with maximum depth of field. Adjust the shutter speed to control the amount of light.
  6. Shoot in raw format: Capture images in raw format to retain more details and to have the flexibility to adjust the exposure during post-processing.

Macro Photography

Macrophotography details of raindrops on a green leaf

Macro photography is a type of nature photography that involves capturing close-up and highly-detailed images of small subjects such as insects, flowers, and other natural objects. This type of photography allows the photographer to reveal the intricate beauty and complexity of the natural world that may not be visible to the naked eye. It also provides an opportunity to showcase the unique details of each subject and allows for creative expression through composition and lighting.

Quick Tips for Stunning Macro Photography

  1. Experiment with different lenses and focal lengths to create different effects and perspectives. Generally, you would use a macro lens so you can get close to the subject, but I also like using telephoto lenses for macro photography.
  2. Use a narrow aperture (high f-stop number) to increase the depth of field and bring more of your subject into focus.
  3. Plan your composition and simplify the background.
  4. Shoot at the level of the subject for a unique perspective.
    Consider using a high shutter speed to freeze any subject movement and a low ISO to avoid unnecessary image noise.

Wildlife Photography

White Longhorn

Wildlife photography is the art of capturing images of animals in their natural habitats. The primary goal of this photography genre is to document the behavior, habitat, and beauty of wildlife in their natural surroundings. It requires a good deal of patience and understanding of animal behavior and habitats. Wildlife photographers also have to ensure that they take pictures in a manner that does not disturb or harm the animals. 

Quick Tips For Great Wildlife Photos

  1. Invest in a good quality telephoto lens with image stabilization to capture distant wildlife without camera shake.
  2. Use a fast shutter speed (1/500th of a second or faster) to freeze the motion of fast-moving animals.
  3. Shoot in RAW format to capture more information, allowing for greater post-processing flexibility.
  4. Consider using a tripod or monopod for stability when shooting with longer lenses.
  5. Be patient and wait for the right moment to capture an animal in action or an interesting pose.
  6. If getting closer is still within a safe distance, move slowly to avoid unnecessary movement and noise when approaching animals to avoid disturbing them.
  7. Anticipate animal behavior and shoot in burst mode to capture a sequence of actions.
  8. Use the camera’s eye tracking to ensure that you capture the eyes in sharp focus.
  9. Remain respectful of wildlife and their environment, always putting their welfare first.

Cloudscape Photography

Red Sky In The Morning

Clouds are usually a just backdrop to landscape images, but they can be the primary subject too. Known as “cloudscapes,” these photographs highlight the various shapes, colors, and textures of clouds that may go unnoticed when they aren’t the subject.
With so many variations, there are endless possibilities for capturing the beauty of clouds – from the fluffy white cumulus clouds to the long and thin cirrus clouds that appear to stretch for miles. Other awe-inspiring cloud formations include lightning storms and vibrant shades of sunrise and sunset skies. Exploring the world of cloudscapes can reveal a whole new dimension to photography.

Quick Tips for Cloudscape Photography

  1. Check the weather forecast and schedule your shoot when interesting cloud formations are most likely to appear. Sunrise and sunset are often the best times to capture the perfect light with your camera.
  2. Consider using lens filters, such as an ND filter, to reduce the intensity of the light and balance the exposure. Polarizing filters, in particular, can enhance the color saturation and intensity of the clouds.
  3. Look for interesting patterns, shapes, textures, and contrast in the clouds.

Flower And Plant Photography

Orange Leaves Lost Maples State Park
Pink Waterlilies and Green Lily Pads

Plant and flower photography captures the beauty and detail of flowers, plants, trees, and other flora. It can be done in various settings, from local gardens and parks to forests and fields. The main goal of plant and flower photography is to showcase the intricate details of each plant in a visually appealing way that highlights the subject’s colors, shapes, and textures.

Quick Tips for Flower Photography

  1. Look for exciting angles and perspectives to photograph the flowers.
  2. Utilize natural light to highlight the color and texture of the flowers.
  3. Choose a simple and clean background to emphasize the flowers.
  4. Use a shallow depth of field to create a beautiful bokeh effect.
  5. Pay attention to the details, such as the texture and patterns of the petals.
  6. Experiment with different camera settings, such as aperture and shutter speed.
  7. Don’t be afraid to get up close and explore the macro details of the flowers.

Water In Outdoor Photography

Abrams Falls - Townsend Tennessee

While there is no official terminology for this type of photography, it captures the beauty of natural landscapes, such as sandy shorelines, peaceful lakes, and cascading waterfalls. Using the earth’s most mesmerizing element, water, you can capture stunning images showcasing its impressive strength as it flows over rocks in a waterfall or its calm, serene presence in a forest stream.

Quick Tips for Photographing Water in Nature

  1. Use a tripod to keep your camera steady, especially if you shoot longer exposures.
  2. Experiment with different shutter speeds to capture motion and create different moods—slow shutter speeds for smooth and dreamy water, faster shutter speeds for capturing action and details.
  3. Look for interesting compositions and angles. Try shooting from a low angle to capture reflections or from a higher angle to show the water flow.
  4. Use a polarizing filter to reduce glare and increase saturation.
  5. Pay attention to the weather and plan your shoot accordingly. Overcast days can produce beautiful soft light, and moody atmospheres. 
  6. Don’t be afraid to experiment with editing tools like saturation, contrast, and color temperature to enhance your photos. But be careful not to overdo it.
  7. Always respect the environment and follow any rules or regulations in your shooting area.

Tips for taking beautiful Pictures of Nature In The City

Nature is all around us; you don’t need panoramic mountain ranges or vast forests to take stunning nature images; there are many nature photography opportunities everywhere, even in the city.

Zoos and aquariums

The local zoo or aquarium is a great place to take pictures of the stunning animal kingdom. Some of the photography opportunities that await you may surprise you.

parks and gardens

You may live in a concrete jungle, but don’t worry; plant and flower photography opportunities are plentiful in any city. Many of your neighbors may have thriving picture-perfect gardens accessible from the sidewalk, or you can visit a local garden. Neighborhood parks are also great places to find stunning pockets of flowers, trees, streams, and lakes, even in the busiest cities.

Close up abstracts

Abstracts are images with no apparent subject; instead, they focus on capturing light, color contrasts, and texture. Taking macro photos to create abstracts is a great way to hide manufactured objects and create beautiful natural images.


No matter where in the world you are, there will be clouds. Just point the camera straight up, and you’ll avoid most, if not all, evidence of the city.

From landscape photography that frames stunning vistas to wildlife photography that captures the majesty of animals in their element, nature photography offers endless opportunities for capturing the essence of the earth. Whether a hobbyist or a professional photographer, exploring nature photography’s diverse range of techniques and genres can help you refine your skills and elevate your craft. By studying the work of photographers who specialize in different types of nature photography, practicing regularly, and investing in quality gear, you can continue to grow and evolve as a nature photographer and capture the wonder and beauty of the natural world.

Author Bio

Author Bio Image

Delaney is a Business Analyst by day and a travel and wildlife photographer by night who is using her skills for translating complex technical language into easy to understand concepts to make photography achievable at all skill levels. You have questions; she has answers.

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